Geriatric Respiratory Changes:
Muscles lose strength and elasticity, deep breathing diminished and less effective cough

S & S
Confusion first sign respiratory infection
Pneumonia – major cause of death
Breathlessness, dyspnea, fatigue
Sputum?

*These can lead to ineffective breathing patterns, impaired gas exchange, ineffective airway clearance, activity intolerance

Interventions:
Flu and pneumonia vaccine
Smoking intervention
TCDB, incentive spirometer



COPD
Emphysema versus Chronic Bronchitis



















References:

Potter, P. A., & Perry, A. G. (2009). Fundamentals of Nursing (7th ed.). St. Louis, Missouri: Mosby Elsevier.

COPD
http://youtu.be/2ZUPNv_D_nc

http://youtu.be/aktIMBQSXMo